AKC Rottweiler Standard
Appearance Rottweiler standard The ideal Rottweiler
is a medium large, robust and powerful dog, black with
clearly defined rust markings. His compact and substantial
build denotes great strength, agility and endurance.
Dogs are characteristically more massive throughout
with larger frame and heavier bone than bitches. Bitches
are distinctly feminine, but without weakness of substance
Substance Rottweiler standard Dogs--24 inches
to 27 inches. Bitches--22 inches to 25 inches, with
preferred size being mid-range of each sex. Correct
proportion is of primary importance, as long as size
is within the standard's range. The length of body,
from prosternum to the rearmost projection of the rump,
is slightly longer than the height of the dog at the
withers, the most desirable proportion of the height
to length being 9 to 10. The Rottweiler is neither coarse
nor shelly. Depth of chest is approximately fifty percent
(50%) of the height of the dog. His bone and muscle
mass must be sufficient to balance his frame, giving
a compact and very powerful appearance. Serious Faults--Lack
of proportion, undersized, oversized, reversal of sex
characteristics (bitchy dogs, doggy bitches).
Head Rottweiler standard Of medium length, broad between
the ears; forehead line seen in profile is moderately
arched; zygomatic arch and stop well developed with
strong broad upper and lower jaws. The desired ratio
of backskull to muzzle is 3 to 2. Forehead is preferred
dry, however some wrinkling may occur when dog is alert.
Expression is noble, alert, and self-assured. Eyes of
medium size, almond shaped with well fitting lids, moderately
deep-set, neither protruding nor receding. The desired
color is a uniform dark brown. Serious Faults--Yellow
(bird of prey) eyes, eyes of different color or size,
hairless eye rim. Disqualification--Entropion. Ectropion.
Ears of medium size, pendant, triangular in shape; when
carried alertly the ears are level with the top of the
skull and appear to broaden it. Ears are to be set well
apart, hanging forward with the inner edge lying tightly
against the head and terminating at approximately mid-cheek.
Serious Faults--Improper carriage (creased, folded or
held away from cheek/head). Muzzle--Bridge is straight,
broad at base with slight tapering towards tip. The
end of the muzzle is broad with well developed chin.
Nose is broad rather than round and always black. Lips-Always
black; corners closed; inner mouth pigment is preferred
dark. Serious Faults--Total lack of mouth pigment (pink
mouth). Bite and Dentition--Teeth 42 in number (20 upper,
22 lower), strong, correctly placed, meeting in a scissors
bite--lower incisors touching inside of upper incisors.
Serious Faults--Level bite; any missing tooth. Disqualifications--Overshot,
undershot (when incisors do not touch or mesh); wry
mouth; two or more missing teeth.
Topline, Body Neck--Powerful, well muscled,
moderately long, slightly arched and without loose skin.
Topline--The back is firm and level, extending in a
straight line from behind the withers to the croup.
The back remains horizontal to the ground while the
dog is moving or standing. Body--The chest is roomy,
broad and deep, reaching to elbow, with well pronounced
forechest and well sprung, oval ribs. Back is straight
and strong. Loin is short, deep and well muscled. Croup
is broad, of medium length and only slightly sloping.
Underline of a mature Rottweiler has a slight tuck-up.
Males must have two normal testicles properly descended
into the scrotum. Disqualification--Unilateral cryptorchid
or cryptorchid males. Tail--Tail docked short, close
to body, leaving one or two tail vertebrae. The set
of the tail is more important than length. Properly
set, it gives an impression of elongation of topline;
carried slightly above horizontal when the dog is excited
Forequarters Shoulder blade is long and well laid back. Upper
arm equal in length to shoulder blade, set so elbows
are well under body. Distance from withers to elbow
and elbow to ground is equal. Legs are strongly developed
with straight, heavy bone, not set close together. Pasterns
are strong, springy and almost perpendicular to the
ground. Feet are round, compact with well arched toes,
turning neither in nor out. Pads are thick and hard.
Nails short, strong and black. Dewclaws may be removed
Hindquarters Angulation of hindquarters
balances that of forequarters. Upper thigh is fairly long,
very broad and well muscled. Stifle joint is well turned.
Lower thigh is long, broad and powerful, with extensive muscling
leading into a strong hock joint. Rear pasterns are nearly
perpendicular to the ground. Viewed from the rear, hind legs
are straight, strong and wide enough apart to fit with a properly
built body. Feet are somewhat longer than the front feet,
turning neither in nor out, equally compact with well arched
toes. Pads are thick and hard. Nails short, strong, and black.
Dewclaws must be removed.
Coat Outer coat is straight,
coarse, dense, of medium length and lying flat. Undercoat
should be present on neck and thighs, but the amount is influenced
by climatic conditions. Undercoat should not show through
outer coat. The coat is shortest on head, ears and legs, longest
on breeching. The Rottweiler is to be exhibited in the natural
condition with no trimming. Fault--Wavy coat. Serious Faults--Open,
excessively short, or curly coat; total lack of undercoat;
any trimming that alters the length of the natural coat. Disqualification--Long
Color Always black with rust
to mahogany markings. The demarcation between black and rust
is to be clearly defined. The markings should be located as
follows: a spot over each eye; on cheeks; as a strip around
each side of muzzle, but not on the bridge of the nose; on
throat; triangular mark on both sides of prosternum;on forelegs
from carpus downward to the toes; on inside of rear legs showing
down the front of the stifle and broadening out to front of
rear legs from hock to toes, but not completely eliminating
black from rear of pasterns; un-der tail; black penciling
on toes. The undercoat is gray, tan, or black. Quantity and
location of rust markings is important and should not exceed
ten percent of body color. Serious Faults--Straw-colored,
excessive, insufficient or sooty markings; rust marking other
than described above; white marking any place on dog (a few
rust or white hairs do not constitute a marking). Disqualifications--Any
base color other than black; absence of all markings.
Gait The Rottweiler is a trotter.
His movement should be balanced, harmonious, sure, powerful
and unhindered, with strong forereach and a powerful rear
drive. The motion is effortless, efficient, and ground-covering.
Front and rear legs are thrown neither in nor out, as the
imprint of hind feet should touch that of forefeet. In a trot
the forequarters and hindquarters are mutually coordinated
while the back remains level, firm and relatively motionless.
As speed increases the legs will converge under body towards
a center line.
Temperament The Rottweiler is
basically a calm, confident and courageous dog with
a self-assured aloofness that does not lend itself to
immediate and indiscriminate friendships. A Rottweiler
is self-confident and responds quietly and with a wait-and-see
attitude to influences in his environment. He has an
inherent desire to protect home and family, and is an
intelligent dog of extreme hardness and adaptability
with a strong willingness to work, making him especially
suited as a companion, guardian and general all-purpose
dog. The behavior of the Rottweiler in the show ring
should be controlled, willing and adaptable, trained
to submit to examination of mouth, testicles, etc. An
aloof or reserved dog should not be penalized, as this
reflects the accepted character of the breed. An aggressive
or belligerent attitude towards other dogs should not
be faulted. A judge shall excuse from the ring any shy
Rottweiler. A dog shall be judged fundamentally shy
if, refusing to stand for examination, it shrinks away
from the judge. A dog that in the opinion of the judge
menaces or threatens him/her, or exhibits any sign that
it may not be safely approached or examined by the judge
in the normal manner, shall be excused from the ring.
A rottweiler that in the opinion of the judge attacks
any person in the ring shall be disqualified.
Faults The foregoing is a description of the ideal Rottweiler
in Rottweiler standard. Any structural fault that detracts
from the above described working dog must be penalized
to the extent of the deviation.
ectropion. Overshot, undershot (when incisors do not touch
or mesh); wry mouth; two or more missing teeth. Unilateral
cryptorchid or cryptorchid males. Long coat. Any base color
other than black; absence of all markings. A dog that in the
opinion of the judge attacks any person in the ring.